governance

community rights, conservation and contested land cover page

Community rights, conservation and contested land: The politics of natural resource governance in Africa, edited by F. Nelson, examines the political dynamics of natural resource governance processes through a range of comparative case studies across east and southern Africa. These cases include both local and national settings, and examine issues such as land rights, tourism development, wildlife conservation, participatory forest management, and the impacts of climate change, and are drawn from both academics and field practitioners working across the region. 

The Governments of Ethiopia, the United States of America, the United Kingdom, and the Federal Republic of Germany, announced a partnership to improve rural land governance for economic growth and to protect the land rights of local citizens in Ethiopia.  The partnership with Ethiopia will support improved rural land tenure security for all, through appropriate land use management in communal and pastoral areas. It will strengthen transparency in land governance by promoting responsible agricultural investment through an improved legal framework and practice.

In sub-Saharan Africa, land acquisitions are on the rise and investment trends are shifting.  Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have liberal investment laws and generous tax incentives, but laws governing customary land-use rights and ownership are weak. Negotiations for land occur completely outside any existing statutory legal frameworks, increasing the need to close tax loopholes and improve legal frameworks. The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) is working in conjunction with the International Development Law Organization (IDLO) to help governments and civil society reform laws to promote peace, justice, sustainable development and economic opportunity.

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