Academic Journal Articles

Browse this page to find current research on social and ecological issues in Africa with a focus on sustainability, climate change, adaptation, resilience, and conservation.

Click here to read a press release from Save the Elephants that details how Vietnam is now one of the world’s biggest illegal ivory markets. The number of items seen for sale had risen by over six times from 2008 to 2015, according to a survey report released by Save the Elephants. Ivory researchers, Lucy Vigne and Esmond Martin, found that the overwhelming majority of raw tusks sold wholesale in Vietnam are smuggled in from Africa, in contrast to the 2008 research conducted by Dan Stiles who found the majority of tusks to have originated from Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos. This shift presents a threat to Africa’s elephants.

Read the entire report, "Vietnam's Illegal Ivory Trade Threatens Africa's Elephants" by Vigne and Martin.  

Photo credit: Save the Elephants

We recommend the Journal of Applied Ecology blog post 'Showing the way for carnivore conservation: lions can survive without fences with the help of Community Conservancies'.  In this post Sara Blackburn discusses her paper Human–wildlife conflict, benefit sharing and the survival of lions in pastoralist community-based conservancies‘, which highlights how Community Conservancies are helping lions survive in Africa. 

Photo Credit: Obtained from the Journal of Applied Ecology

To the Editor — Pedro Sanchez sketched a very optimistic picture for the future of food production in sub-Saharan Africa, and rightfully so. However, he did not stress the need to care for soils, many of which are degraded in this part of the world. This omission of soil management is unfortunate, but far from exceptional; hence, the declaration of 2015 as the International Year of Soils. Here, we outline the importance of soils for the alleviation of poverty in sub-Saharan Africa.

frontiers in ecology and the environment journal cover

Rangelands encompass 30–40% of Earth’s land surface and support 1 to 2 billion people. Their predominant use is extensive livestock production by pastoralists and ranchers. But rangelands are characterized by ecological, economic, and political marginality, and higher value, more intensive land uses are impinging on rangelands around the world. Earth Stewardship of rangelands must address both livestock management and the broader socioecological dynamics that promote land-use changes, fragmentation, and degradation.

agriculture, ecosystems, and environment journal cover

Poverty alleviation in rural areas is a top priority for social and economic development, particularly against a backdrop of rising populations up to 2050 and to meet growing food demands in a rapidly urbanizing world. Sustainable intensification of agricultural techniques are therefore required, such as water management practices that result in higher agricultural production without causing severe environmental impacts, whilst at the same time improving resilience to drought and dry spells.

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